Pigmentation is basically dark spots on our body, mostly the face. Pigmentation is mostly found in the face because our facial skin is the most sensitive and needs some extra attention. Pigmentation can be light or pigmentation can be dark. When we do not try any pigmentation treatment in the initial stages, it leads to dark pigmentation.
But now, with modern advancements and accelerations in technology, doctors have been able to find out many different ways of pigmentation treatments that have proven to be effective and work wonders. So you can go for and choose from the many kind of options for pigmentation treatment available.
Pigmentation happens due to excess production of the melanin. Melanin is the component that provides darker colour to our skin or hair. More melanin means darker colour, and less melanin implies lighter or fairer colour or hair or skin.
Let us first understand the causes of pigmentation before learning about the pigmentation treatment. A few of the most common causes for pigmentation are-
Melasma- Melasma mostly impacts women during their pregnancy. But this can also occur in non-pregnant women or even in men. Melasma is initiated due to hormonal changes, or it can be present in genetics. Doctors also suggest melasma is also triggered due to oral contraceptives or more time of sun exposure.
Due to some Medication- An adrenal gland disorder can also lead to increased melanin production that can cause pigmentation. There have been certain drugs and antibiotics that have been identified to have leading to pigmentation. And then, you might also need to go for pigmentation treatment.
Sun Exposure- Dermatologists always have said that the sun’s UV rays are not very skin-friendly. The UV rays are one of the factors that lead to the skin producing extra melanin in some patches of the skin. This also causes blemishes on the skin.
Inflammation- Inflammation means any kind of skin issue like cuts, acne, bug bites or any kind of scratch or friction that the skin suffered from. Rubbing vigorously on the spot, popping out that acne, or peeling out the skin tissue on the cut can lead to dark spots and blemishes after the injury or spot is healed.
Pigmentation treatment can be an aid in the situation of suffering. Even if one opts for pigmentation treatment, he or she should always try avoiding pigmentation in future by all means possible. Some of the most sought pigmentation treatment and prevention remedies for our skin are as follows.
Moisturizing and taking care of the skin cells-
Keep a check on skin-friendly ingredients when choosing a moisturizer. Applying moisturizer regularly can help boost the skin’s cell turnover, helping in achieving lighter skin to reduce pigmentation. Doctors claim a good moisturizer helps boost the collagen build-up in the skin and restore skin’s fat barriers to prevent further damage to the skin. For this effective pigmentation treatment, look for ingredients like glycerine or hyaluronic acid. Retinol has also proved to be an important ingredient that boosts collagen production and cell turnover in the layers of the skin.
Do not touch, scratch or pick-
We all feel very tempted to pick that acne or zit or blackhead on our face. Or pull out that newly healed wound or cut. It is completely a no, no, and it is very bad for the skin. Doing all this can lead to very high chances of pigmentation, and you might need pigmentation treatment for curing the scar or spot. Doctors say about such situations that if you mess with them, they might look worse when they heal by leaving a dark spot on the skin, which can take a lot of time to fade away.
Use of ingredients with Vitamin C is recommended to be used on the affected area, or kojic acid can also be a part of pigmentation treatment. Other useful ingredients for pigmentation treatment are arbutin, vitamin E, soy, niacinamide that help skin recover faster. The patient has to be patient and follow the pigmentation treatment consistently to see visible results. It might take weeks or even months to reap the wanted results.
Dermatologists are skin experts and are the best to consult for our skin issues. They can provide more information and means for pigmentation treatment. For example, laser treatments, or peels, or clean up. These pigmentation treatments can be less time consuming than the topical cream application and others but can be heavy on the pocket as well.
Preventing any further future damage- We learned about some of the pigmentation treatments that can be done. But it is best if we do what we can to avoid pigmentation issues in future. It is recommended to use a sunscreen with SPF 30 or greater. Sunscreen has to be used every day, whether it is a cloudy day or its chilly, whichever. UV rays, as we know, has the tendency to make the dark spots even darker, which can increase our issue. Hence Sunblock daily is a must.