In India, approximately 27.7% of the female population falls in the age group of 15-29 years, which is also the age group that tends to experience premenstrual syndrome, according to an article by the National Center For Biotechnology Information. This is mainly a series of symptoms that tend to occur in a predictable pattern. However, they can range from mild to intense and might alter your capability to perform daily activities. This is because the signs affect physical and emotional health and behavior.
It lasts a week or two up to the menstrual cycle and might disappear with the onset of the period. It is mostly related to cyclic changes in neurotransmitters or pituitary hormones. The good news is that there are multiple treatment options suited for all women. So, have a look at a detailed insight into this condition. This will help teenagers and young adults make informed choices.
Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome
This is one of the most common gynecological problems and comes with multiple telltale signs. However, you might be experiencing only a few of them. Have a look.
- Constant tension, stress and anxiety
- Food cravings especially comfort foods like sweets.
- Bouts of crying and irritability
- Sore or pain in one or both breasts.
- Oversensitivity leading to emotional outbursts and mood swings.
- Major changes in sleeping patterns.
- Persistent feeling of both mental and physical fatigue
- Withdrawal from social gatherings.
- Changes in appetite leading to weight loss.
- Spells of serious diarrhea or passing of semi-solid stools
- Acne, pimple and rashes along with oily skin
- A decrease in libido or the will to indulge in any form of intimacy
- Difficulty in concentrating or remembering.
- Persistent headaches and body aches.
Further, the symptoms of other several conditions like depression, inflammatory bowel syndrome and diabetes might worsen with the onset of PMS. Therefore, make sure to have over-the-counter medicines or try other relief techniques after consulting your healthcare professional.
Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome
You must know that PMS cannot be cure. However, certain lifestyle changes can help you ease the symptoms. These are simple and do not require any invasive methods. Have a look.
- Drink plenty of water, fresh fruit juice and smoothies. This can help improve abdominal bloating.
- Try gentle exercise regularly to see fewer or less severe symptoms of PMS.
- Consider supplements like vitamin B-6, folic acid, magnesium and calcium to reduce mood swings.
- Hormonal contraceptives can help bring relief from symptoms of PMS.
- Sleep at least 7-8 hours per day to reduce tiredness and headaches.
- Read, listen to music, talk to a friend to meditate to manage stress and restlessness.
- Restrict the intake of salt before periods start.
- For cognitive complications, you can consider therapy.
- Limit alcohol consumption at least a week before menstrual cycle.
- You can also have pain relievers, diuretics and nonsteroidal drugs.
However, before resorting to medications, do consult your doctors. Otherwise, they might interfere with existing medical conditions and their treatments. You should also see your gynecologist if the symptoms do not improve. This is one of the most common gynecological problems, so the doctor will be able to help you.